wheat export: India’s wheat export increase brings a bonanza to farmers, and finances aid

INDORE/SARANGPUR: For the primary season in over a decade, Indian farmer Rajensingh Pawar is promoting his new wheat crop to personal merchants as an alternative of the state stockpiler, as a worldwide wheat value rally provides India’s suppliers a uncommon worthwhile export window.

Robust demand following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine means growers are receiving the very best costs ever for his or her crops, whereas additionally easing stress on the state’s grain procurement company which racks up big money owed as a purchaser of final resort.

The increase instances have come as Pawar and his friends harvest a document Indian wheat crop, giving growers a uncommon alternative to promote the grain simply as world costs maintain close to all-time highs.

“After a very long time, merchants are able to pay greater than the MSP,” Pawar, 55, mentioned, referring to the minimal assist value at which the Meals Company of India (FCI) buys grain from farmers.

“India’s rising wheat exports have helped farmers like us who’re getting a much better return,” he mentioned, as he unloaded wheat at a grain market in Madhya Pradesh state, recognized for its top-quality wheat.

Earlier than the almost 50% surge in world wheat costs, India struggled to export the grain as a result of annual will increase within the MSP to placate the politically highly effective farm foyer that made Indian wheat costlier than world costs.

However a uncommon confluence of excessive worldwide costs, consecutive document crops, a weaker rupee towards the greenback and improved inner logistics have made shipments from India enticing.

This can be a golden alternative for India to export its surpluses,” mentioned Nitin Gupta, a vice chairman at meals and agri-business Olam Agro India.


For worldwide wheat markets, India’s gross sales are serving to offset a provide shortfall ensuing from Ukraine-driven disruptions within the Black Sea area, crop cuts in Canada and high quality downgrades in Australia.

For Indian authorities, brisk demand from non-public grain handlers at costs above the MSP of 20,150 rupees ($262.88) a tonne means FCI’s wheat purchases are anticipated to fall drastically for the primary time in a long time.

Decrease state purchases in flip imply massive finances financial savings. Final yr, India spent 856 billion rupees ($11.2 billion) shopping for a document 43.34 million tonnes of wheat from farmers, filling state granaries to the brim and boosting nationwide debt.

This yr’s FCI purchases may fall beneath 30 million tonnes, commerce and authorities officers mentioned, that means much less authorities capital might be tied up shopping for and storing crops.

Indian merchants have signed wheat export offers at between $330 and $335 a tonne free on board, mentioned Rajesh Paharia Jain, a New Delhi-based dealer. That is almost $50 a tonne cheaper than rival suppliers because the rally in world costs and huge surplus shares at dwelling have made it simpler for Indian suppliers to supply a reduction, however nonetheless properly above native costs.

Following a flurry of export offers signed in February and March, India’s wheat shipments touched a document 7.85 million tonnes within the fiscal yr to March – up 275% from the earlier yr.

Exports may bounce to 12 million tonnes within the 2022-23 fiscal yr, merchants mentioned, making it a critical participant in world markets.


India’s exports have additionally been helped by a pointy bounce in crop high quality. Beforehand restricted to cost-sensitive markets that accepted decrease high quality product, exporters have just lately made gross sales to a number of the world’s most discerning wheat shoppers.

For the primary time, high world wheat importer Egypt has bought the grain from India, which sources say has helped India set up a fame as a high tier provider.

Speedy and widespread adoption of upper high quality seeds has underpinned the standard climb. Launched over the previous decade, the highest 10 wheat seed varieties accounted for greater than 70% of the roughly 31.5 million hectares planted with wheat final season, mentioned Gyanendra Pratap Singh, chief of the Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Analysis.

“Earlier, India was not recognized for its high quality wheat, however India’s wheat is now nearly as good as any high-quality wheat from different main world suppliers, and that is due to new seed varieties,” Singh mentioned.

Alongside improved farm practises and better mechanisation, higher seeds have reworked India’s wheat market from primarily low-quality feed varieties to 1 plentiful in superior grades corresponding to Durum, Lokwan and Sharbati utilized in pizza, pasta and premium bakery merchandise.

“Newer varieties have helped farmers get increased yields with higher protein content material,” mentioned Amit Takkar, chief of brokerage Conifer Commodities.

“Indian wheat with 12% to 13% protein is fairly widespread now and that compares favourably with APW’s (Australia Premium White) 11.5% to 12% protein.”

Lauding farmers and scientists for serving to India emerge as a brand new drive in wheat markets, Sudhanshu Pandey, the highest official on the meals ministry, mentioned the federal government was decided to assist India turn into an everyday exporter of high-quality wheat.

The one obstacle to that rosy outlook might be a drop in crop yields this yr as a result of a sudden rise in temperatures in mid-March, merchants mentioned.

The federal government has forecast this yr’s wheat output at a document 111.32 million tonnes, however might revise that estimate if the current scorching spell saps crops nonetheless trickling into wholesale grain markets.

Within the grains market of Madhya Pradesh, farmers are jubilant about exports.

“Immediate funds and better costs for higher grades of wheat are one thing of a rarity for us,” farmer Narendra Pariyar mentioned. “The wheat export increase has actually been a gold mine for farmers.”

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