Madeleine Albright, former US secretary of state, dies at 84


Madeleine Albright, who fled the Nazis as a baby in her native Czechoslovakia throughout World Struggle Two however rose to change into the primary feminine U.S. secretary of state and, in her later years, a popular culture feminist icon, died on Wednesday on the age of 84, her household stated.

Albright, a tough-talking diplomat in an administration that hesitated to contain itself within the two largest international coverage crises of the Nineties – the genocides in Rwanda and Bosnia-Herzegovina.

“We’re heartbroken to announce that Dr. Madeleine Ok. Albright, the sixty fourth U.S. Secretary of State and the primary lady to carry that place, handed away earlier as we speak. The trigger was most cancers,” the household stated on Twitter.

Albright, who had change into the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations in 1993, had pressed for a harder line in opposition to the Serbs in Bosnia. However throughout President Invoice Clinton’s first time period, most of the administration’s high international coverage specialists vividly remembered how the US grew to become slowed down in Vietnam and have been decided to not repeat that error within the Balkans.

The US responded by working with NATO on airstrikes that pressured an finish to the conflict however solely after it had been happening for 3 years.

Albright’s expertise as a refugee prompted her to push for the US to be a superpower which used that clout. She wished a “muscular internationalism,” stated James O’Brien, a senior adviser to Albright in the course of the Bosnian conflict.

She as soon as upset a Pentagon chief by asking why the army maintained greater than 1 million women and men below arms in the event that they by no means used them.

Early within the Clinton administration, whereas she unsuccessfully advocated for a faster, stronger response in Bosnia, Albright backed a United Nations conflict crimes tribunal that ultimately put the architects of that conflict, together with Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic and Bosnian Serb leaders, in jail, O’Brien stated.

The plain-spoken Albright took a tricky line on a 1996 incident the place Cuban jet fighters downed two unarmed U.S.-based planes, saying: “This isn’t cojones, that is cowardice,” utilizing a Spanish vulgarity that means “testicles.”

Albright, who was born within the former Czechoslovakia in 1937, was nominated to change into the primary lady secretary of state, and confirmed unanimously in 1997. She was within the submit till 2001.

The painful classes discovered in Rwanda and Bosnia served the US properly in Kosovo, when Washington noticed the extra highly effective Serbs start a program of ethnic cleaning of ethnic Albanians. NATO responded with an 11-week marketing campaign of air strikes in 1999 that prolonged to Belgrade.

Throughout efforts to press North Korea to finish its nuclear weapons program, which have been ultimately unsuccessful, Albright traveled to Pyongyang in 2000 to satisfy North Korean chief Kim Jong-il, turning into the best rating U.S. official to go to the secretive Communist-run nation.

As soon as the Clinton years and the Nineties have been over, Albright grew to become an icon to a era of younger ladies on the lookout for inspiration of their quest for alternative and respect within the office. Albright was fond of claiming: “There is a particular place in hell for girls who do not assist one another.”

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